Embroiding Turkish Woman by Jean Baptiste Vanmour (Paris, 1714)
Vanmour's Embroiding Turkish Woman painting was published in 'Recueil de cent estampes représentant différentes nations du Levant' by Le Hay in 1714. Le Hay's book had a great influence in Western Europe and was published in at least five languages. Vanmour's paintings can be found at the British Museum in London, the Metropolitan Museum (MET) in New York and the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Engraving art: Tinted lithograph
Artist: Jean Baptiste Vanmour (1671 Valenciennes, France - 1737 Istanbul, Turkey)
Jean Baptiste Vanmour was a Flemish-French painter, remembered for his detailed portrayal of life in the Ottoman Empire during the Tulip Era. Vanmour was a native of Valenciennes, a Flemish town that at the time of his birth belonged to the Spanish Netherlands, but since 1678 to France. He studied art in the studio of Jacques-Albert Gérin, and his work attracted the attention of an aristocrat and statesman of the time, Marquis Charles de Ferriol. Vanmour accompanied the De Ferriol to Constantinople after the Marquis' appointment as the French Ambassador in 1699. It was there that De Ferriol commissioned Vanmour to do one hundred oil paintings of the local people. After De Ferriol returned to France in 1711, Vanmour worked for a variety of other diplomats in the Ottoman Empire. Painting audiences with the Sultan became Vanmour's specialty; he only had to change the setting and a few faces.
In 1725 he was granted the extraordinary title of 'Peintre Ordinaire du Roy en Levant' in recognition of both his and the Levant's importance to the French government. In 1727 the Dutch ambassador Cornelis Calkoen asked Vanmour to record his audience with Sultan Ahmed III on canvas. Vanmour was allowed to enter the palace during these ceremonies accompanying the ambassador and his retinue; therefore, he was familiar with the special protocol that prevailed in the Ottoman court for ambassador's receptions. It is said Vanmour was buried next to Baron de Salagnac in the graveyard of the Jesuit Church of St Louis in the district of Beyoglu. "Jean-Baptiste Vanmour: An Eyewitness to the Tulip Era" is a book by Nicolaas, Bull, Renda, and Irepoğlu published in 2004. (Text source: Wikipedia)
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